Kufteh, an Armenian Favorite!

There’s been a lot of buzz about kufteh lately on several
Armenian cooking Face Book sites. People are asking: What ingredients are used?
Which shape is the best – meatball-shape, football-shape or flying
saucer-shape? Is it better to bake, fry it, or boil kufteh? Is it best served
with or without madzoon (yogurt)?

The answers will vary based on the region one’s Armenian
ancestors came from.

In my family, we have two schools of thought. My mother’s
family, from Musa Dagh (Musa Ler), made football shaped kufteh, with extremely
thin shells, stuffed to the max with a delicious filling. My father’s side of
the family, from Dikranagerd, made flying saucer shaped kuftehs – flat on the
bottom, rounded on the top, with an equally tasty filling. 
This is a photo of Kibbeh from Wikepedia, but it gives you the idea of the Musa Ler football-shaped Kufteh.

Our Musa Ler kuftehs were usually brushed with olive oil
and baked which produced a lovely golden color and a little crunch from the shell. The
center was moist and flavorful. This was served as an entrée with a dollop of
madzoon, and a side salad, or served floating in a madzoon-based soup.
Sometimes we just ate them hot-out-of-the oven – without accompaniment! 

(Sadly, I never mastered making this style of kufteh. My grandmother tried in vain to teach me how to make the thin, football-shaped shell. “Your hands are too hot”, she’d say in broken English. Even dipping my hands in very cold water didn’t do the trick for me.)
Dikranagerdtsi-style Kufteh
Our Dikranagerdtsi kuftehs were boiled, heaped on a large
serving plate and served with madzoon. The exterior was soft and the center
oozed a buttery-meaty filling with every bite. We also have a heart-healthy version of the Dikranagerdtsi-style kufteh. Click here for the recipe and video.

There’s no getting around the fact that preparing kufteh is
very time consuming. If you love this dish, but don’t have the time, or an army
of helpers, don’t despair. I will share two other ways to get the kufteh taste
without the traditional shape or hard work.

#1. Kufteh Deconstructed (This is REALLY easy!)
Serves 4 to 6

Prepare your favorite bulgur pilaf recipe, or, use oursWhile it’s cooking make the filling.
Kufteh Meechoog (Filling)
Kufteh Meechoog (Filling)
2 large onions, finely chopped
2 Tbsp butter
2 Tbsp olive oil
3/4 lb. ground lamb, beef, or turkey
salt and pepper to taste
1 bunch flat-leaf parsley, washed and finely chopped
ground coriander, allspice, black pepper, paprika to taste
1/4 cup to 1/3 cup pine nuts
1. In a skillet, melt the butter, then add olive oil to
heat. Add chopped onions and cook, stirring occasionally, until onions are soft
– about 10 to 15 minutes.
2. In a separate skillet, cook the ground meat until it is
no longer pink. Drain any excess fat. Season with salt and pepper to taste.
3. Add meat to the skillet with the onions. Stir in the
remaining seasonings, parsley, and pine nuts. Cook for another 5 to 10 minutes.
To serve: Place bulgur pilaf in the
center of the plate (or bowl), top with meechoog, and a dollop of madzoon, if
desired. A tomato-cucumber salad makes a perfect accompaniment.
Sini Kufteh

#2. Sini Kufteh (Oven-baked kufteh)
Yield: 8+/- pieces – depending on size

Shell Ingredients:
1 1/2 cups fine (#1) bulgur
1 cup lukewarm water (or just enough to cover bulgur)
2 lb. finely ground beef (or lamb, turkey) – not too lean
1 tsp. salt
1/2 tsp. Aleppo red pepper
1 tsp. ground coriander
½ tsp. allspice
1/2 tsp. ground black pepper

Directions for the shell:                                                   
1. Place the bulgur in a large bowl and cover with warm
water. Allow bulgur to absorb the water to soften. Drain excess water, if
2. Place meat in a large bowl.  Add the bulgur and seasonings to the meat,
mixing with your hands until well-combined. If the mixture seems a bit dry, add
a little warm water, and mix it in with your hands until you reach your desired
the consistency.
3. Divide the mixture into two equal parts. Set aside until
ready to use.
Filling (Meechoog) Ingredients:
1 lb. ground beef, lamb or turkey – not too lean
3 large onions, coarsely chopped
1 bunch parsley, coarsely chopped
1 tsp. salt
½ tsp. Aleppo red pepper
1 Tbsp. ground coriander
½ tsp. allspice
¼ tsp. ground black pepper
¼ to 1/3 cup pine nuts
3 Tbsp. butter
3 Tbsp. olive oil

Directions for the filling:
1. In a large skillet, cook the meat over medium heat until
it is no longer pink. Drain any excess fat. Remove meat from pan.
2. Using the same skillet, melt the butter and add the
olive oil. Add onions and cook until onions become soft. Add the seasonings,
parsley and cooked meat; cook another 2 minutes; remove from heat and allow
filling to cool. Adjust seasonings if necessary. Stir in pine nuts. Set filling
aside until ready to use.
Assembling the sini kufteh
Side view of sini kufteh layers
Assembling and baking the Sini Kufteh:
1. Use a 13”x9” baking pan, or a large (10”) round pan or
pie pan. Lightly grease the bottom of the pan.
2. Press one portion of the shell mixture into the bottom
of the pan, flattening it evenly to fit the shape of the pan.
3. Evenly spread all of the filling over the bottom layer
of the shell mixture.
4. NOTE: Keep a bowl of warm water on hand for this
step. Using a large piece of parchment paper or waxed paper, flatten the
remaining portion of the shell mixture with your hands or a rolling pin so that
it will fit the shape of the pan. Lift the paper with flattened topping and
carefully invert it over the filling in the baking pan; gently peel the paper
away and lightly press down the top layer. If the top layer cracks or
separates, dip your fingers in the bowl of warm water and press the topping
back together. Tuck in the edges.
5. Using a knife that’s been dipped in water, score the top
layer into squares or diamond- shaped portions. Brush surface with a little
olive oil or melted butter.
6. Bake in a preheated 350°F oven for 35-40 minutes, or
until top is golden brown.
Serve with plain yogurt, and a refreshing chopped salad.

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  1. Scotslass January 6, 2019 at 9:05 am

    Love your recipes Robyn!
    Happy Armenian Christmas!
    Are Kufteh mote like the Levantine Kibbeh than regular meatballs? I love how you've simplified this recipe and will give it a go.

    1. Robyn Kalajian January 9, 2019 at 3:32 pm

      Thank you so much! To answer your question: Most Kufteh recipes are like kibbee, but some can be shaped like meatballs with the stuffing inside. No matter the shape, they're all delicious!

  2. Unknown January 6, 2019 at 12:32 pm

    Happy Armenian Christmas Robyn and Doug. When mom made Kufteh I remember a heavy vinegar smell coming from the kitchen. What was that all about? Her dad and in-laws were from Gasma near Divrigi (Sivas).

    1. Robyn Kalajian January 9, 2019 at 3:29 pm

      Hmmm, that's a new one on us. Were the kuftehs boiled? If so, maybe, and this is a wild guess, vinegar was added to the boiling water to help the kuftehs keep their shape. Perhaps someone out there has an answer.


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