Lule Kebab ala Father Vartan Joulfayan

When my husband Doug, friends Bonnie and David, and I attended St. Mary Armenian Church Food and Music Fest in April, we feasted on some pretty tasty food. One of the highlights of our meal was the lule kebab – tender, juicy, and delicious.

We heard through the grapevine that the recipe prepared for the festival was a specialty of St. Mary parish priest, Father Vartan Joulfayan. Impressive, I must say!

If you’ve been following our website, you know that we’re fans of lule kebab, especially if it’s made with good quality ground lamb- and – just as there are numerous recipes (and spellings) for other Armenian foods, lule kebab is no exception. See our own recipe for lule kebab.
Since I’m always searching for recipes – new and old – I asked Father Vartan if he would share his lule kebab recipe with The Armenian Kitchen. Happily, and without hesitation, he did so. Thank you, Father Vartan!

As soon as I received his version, it was clear that I had to make it. My dinner guests would certainly include Bonnie and David, who eagerly accepted our invitation for a very special Memorial Day meal.

Our kebabs turned out just as plump, tender, and juicy as we remembered them at the Food Fest. Our guests – and we – enjoyed the flavor and texture as well. The addition of bread crumbs, egg, tomato sauce, and liquidy onions accounted for the tender consistency of the kebabs. The accompaniments – fresh parsley and onions, along with roasted peppers and tomatoes (the oven was already on, so I roasted the veggies in there, too), Armenian-style potato and egg salad, and locally grown corn- on- the- cob elevated the meal into a holiday feast.

For dessert: watermelon and Armenian coffee………….. delicious!


Lule Kebab ala Father Vartan Joulfayan

Just as there are numerous recipes (and spellings) for other Armenian foods, lule kebab is no exception. This is Father Vartan Joulfayan's savory and delicious version.
Course Main Course
Prep Time 15 minutes
Cook Time 35 minutes
Servings 12 lule kebabs


  • 1 medium onion cut into quarters
  • 2 garlic cloves
  • 2 lb lean ground beef
  • 1 tbsp tomato paste
  • 5 tbsp tomato sauce
  • ½ cup plain bread crumb
  • 1 tsp cumin
  • 1 tsp paprika
  • 1 tsp Aleppo pepper
  • tsp salt
  • 1 tsp black pepper
  • ½ tsp dried oregano
  • 1 bunch fresh parsley finely chopped
  • ½ lemon juiced
  • 1 egg raw


  • Place the cut onion and 2 cloves of garlic in a food processor. Process until onion and garlic are very finely chopped. Special NoteDO NOT discard the juice extracted from the onion and garlic; it will be added to the meat mixture.
  • Place the meat into a large mixing bowl. Add the processed onion and garlic – along with their liquid – to the meat.
  • Add the remaining ingredients to the meat, mixing well by hand.
  • Using a ½ cup measure, make 12 balls.
  • Roll them into the traditional Lule (sausage-like) shape and grill until cooked through. (An outdoor grill or an indoor grill pan may be used.)
  • If outdoor grilling isn't an option, place the kebabs on a roasting rack over a foil-lined baking pan. Bake the lule kebabs at 375°F for about 35 minutes, turning them after about 20 minutes.

View Comments

  • These were SO good. I recommend the recipe, in fact I recommend the whole menu!

    Better yet, get yourself invited to feast the *real* Armenian Kitchen; you can't beat it.

    • Aw, shucks... you're making me blush! Thank you for joining us, supplying the watermelon, and for your encouraging words. BUT, none of that meal would have been possible without Father Vartan's recipe - so thanks again, Father Vartan!

  • Thank you Der Hayr, Doug and Robyn.
    I broiled it in the oven, Fabulous recipe.
    Khosroff and I loved it.
    Astvadz baheh tzeh.

  • I tried this recipe for the heck of and have to say I was not impressed with the end result. I cooked mine with turkey meat on wood charcoal and although the meat charred none of the juices ran out. I suspect this is because of the bread crumbs. Thinking back on it I believe that eggs, breadcrumbs and oregano are 3 things that do not belong in lule kebab.

    • Shakuey, I suspect the problem has more to do with the fact that you used turkey, which is lower in fat than ground beef or lamb. Try increasing the amount of tomato sauce from the recipe and use a little vegetable oil (or lard or chicken fat :-). You definitely need the breadcrumbs and the egg to help the kebab stick together (especially since it is turkey).

      Alternatively, you can cut out the tomato and many of the other spices and use yogurt and saffron. In that case, your recipe becomes:

      1 medium size onion, cut into quarters
      2 garlic cloves
      2 lb. of lean ground turkey
      5-6 tablespoons of plain whole yogurt, slightly strained (1 hour)
      A few threads of saffron diluted in 2 tbsp hot water
      1/2 cup of plain bread crumb
      1 teaspoon of Paprika
      1 teaspoon of red Aleppo pepper (if available)
      1 1/2 teaspoon of salt
      1 teaspoon of black pepper
      1 pinch allspice or ground coriander
      1 bunch of finely chopped Parsley
      A little vegetable oil (see below)
      Juice of One half of fresh lemon (see below)
      1 raw egg

      NOTES: 1) This is off the top of my head, so caveat emptor. 2) I'm not sure about the lemon; it may make the yogurt curdle. 3) Add a couple of tbsps vegetable oil to the meat first and feel with your fingers. If you can feel the oil and the meat has a slight sheen, then it's enough. Otherwise, add a little more but no more than 1/4 cup.

  • Ara, I actually did not use a particularly lean turkey for this recipe. I have used even leaner cuts of all beef and juice always comes out of the meat when making lule (or as well call it kefta) kebab. I just didn't care all that much for the recipe, I usually make this type of kebab with simply chopped parsley, diced onion, diced pepper, all spice, Aleppo pepper, a touch of cumin, a touch of corriander and salt and I am good to go. I have never heard of egg in this type of dish and would not use it again. Just a tip, sometimes this type of kebab has a hard time sticking and the main culprit is wet ingredients (parsley, onion, pepper). The key to this is to make sure they are dry as possible, I usually let them soak on paper towels. If you are using a fresh cut of meat there should be no problem binding your kebabs. I prefer doing this around a kebab stick but that just might be me being old fashioned. However, I put them straight on the grill, whereas my parents would have left them formed on the stick and put them directly onto the barbecue.

  • Hey Robyn
    What a very beautiful delicious healthy food up there! :O
    If you don’t mind, could you post this lule kebab photos on a food photography website called to make others live in a healthier way? :)
    Thank you.

  • Well I intend to use the first recipe from Memorial day at the Armenian camp upstate, NY. It seems wonderful and the mix looks perfect. father, bring it on. I am looking forward to it. Stay tuned!!!

  • Made this recipe last night with two adjustments. First, I generally prefer a bit more fat when I make kebabs, so I went with 1 lb 80% lean and 1 lb 85% lean. Second, I subbed gluten free breadcrumbs since my wife is gluten intolerant.

    First, let me say, these kebabs tasted phenomenal. Both my wife and I really enjoyed the flavor. Unfortunately, I found the meat mix to be very soggy and ultimately, it didn't hold up well on the grill. I'm sure my substitutions may have played some part in that, though I've used the same brand of GF breadcrumbs 1:1 in other recipes with no issue. After thinking about the results, one thing I don't see called out here that I've seen in other similar types of ground meat kebabs is spending quite a bit of time mixing/kneading the meat, like 5+ minutes, until the mix gets pretty sticky. I'll definitely be giving this recipe another try in the future and will try mixing the ingredients longer to see if that helps hold things together.

    • Chris, I'm happy to hear you liked the taste of Fr. Vartan's lule kebab; he'll be happy to hear this! I must confess-I've only made these in the oven, so I'd be interested to know the result of your next preparation effort.

  • Hi from Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Made this great recipe for my Armenian wife who, of course, grew up with lulu kebobs.. I cooked them on a gas BBQ and they were very good. She said these are the best ever! Thank you Father for sharing the recipe.

    • Derrel, I apologize for the delayed response, but thank you so much for your positive comment. Father Vartan's recipe is a definite favorite in our home, too!

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