Anoush Abour – an Armenian Christmas Pudding

To round out the holidays –and- to satisfy your body and soul during this festive season, there is one recipe that cannot be ignored: Anoush Abour. It’s a sweet, fruity, nutty delicacy to be savored with loved ones.

The recipe I’m offering comes from Yerchanig Joy Callan, wife of Roy Callan, Executive Director of Camp Haiastan in Franklin, MA. Her recipe is one of the dessert selections in the recently released cookbook, “Armenian Cuisine: Preserving Our Heritage”, from St. John’s Armenian Church, Southfield, Michigan.

Joy suggests cooking the fruit separately from the other ingredients and adding it when cooled to keep the pudding’s appearance an appealing pearly white. Joy also confided that the longer the pudding sets, the thicker it becomes. To loosen it up a bit, stir in a little simple syrup (the kind you drizzle on paklava) before serving.

This dish is a MUST-have at any Armenian Christmas (January 6th) celebration.

PS: Don’t forget: According to our friend Ara, tonight, Jan. 5th, you should be serving Nevik – Swiss Chard with Chick Peas!

Soorp Dznoont!!

Anoush Abour

 A sweet, fruity, nutty delicacy to be savored with loved ones during the holiday season!
Cook Time 2 hours
Soaking the Wheat 12 hours
Course Dessert
Servings 4 servings


Pudding Ingredients

  • 1 cup gorgod (skinless whole wheat)
  • quarts water
  • 1 cup sugar
  • 1 cup California apricots ( finely chopped)
  • 1 cup raisins (currants or yellow)
  • ½ cup pistachios
  • cup pine nuts


  • ¼ cup hazelnuts (finely chopped)
  • ¼ cup almonds (slivered )
  • ½ cup pecans or walnuts (toasted)
  • Ground cinnamon (to taste)
  • Pomegranate seeds


Soaking the Wheat

  • In a 6-quart pot, combine wheat and water. Bring to a boil for 5 minutes. Cover and let rest overnight.

Preparing the Pudding

  • Remove cover. Return to simmer. Simmer gorgod (wheat) until water begins to thicken. The lower the simmer, the “whiter” the pudding will remain. After about 1 ½ to 2 hours of simmering, add the sugar and continue to simmer. The pudding will begin to take on a thicker consistency.
  • While wheat is simmering, combine fruit, pistachios and pine nuts in a small saucepan with water. Bring to a gentle simmer and allow to cook for about 15 minutes. Thoroughly drain. Add to pudding when pudding is cooled so that fruit will not bleed color into pudding.
  • Pour into serving bowl. Garnish with hazelnuts, slivered almonds, pecans or walnuts and cinnamon.
  • Pomegranate seeds should either be incorporated into pudding uncooked or served separately as a garnish.
Tried this recipe?Let us know how it was!
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  1. Ara January 5, 2011 at 3:00 pm

    There is a similar recipe in Alice Antreassian's cookbook. She recommends that you peel the pistachios in order to maintain the color of the pudding. She also suggests to arrange whole blanched almonds in the form of a star on top of the pudding.

    Incidentally, in Aintap, we do a simpler form of the pudding using rice. It is very simple: Per cup of water, use 1/4 cup short-grain rice, 1/4 cup sugar, 1 clove, 1/2 stick cinnamon, a little bit of honey (mostly for color). Cook until the rice is soft and starting to fall apart. Place in a bowl and let it cool. Garnish with almonds, walnuts, cinnamon, etc. (Note: I put the proportions from memory; I will double-check and correct if necessary).

    Out of curiosity, is Mrs. Callan's family Bolsetsi?

    1. Unknown October 5, 2016 at 10:13 pm

      My mum used to call a yogurt soup Abour. Which was made with yogurt and dill. I was brought up with Armenian traditional precipices, and this version of Apour was not one of them. This must be the Westernized version the sweet version not the savory one.

    2. Robyn October 5, 2016 at 10:24 pm

      'Abour' means soup, which could be either sweet (as in Anoush Abour) or savory (as in Tahn Abour). It isn't a westernized recipe.

  2. NK January 5, 2011 at 8:39 pm

    I love Anoush Abour…i had no idea it was such a lengthy process. I was hoping to make it when i get home to have tonight! Oh well…thanks for the recipe! Pari Gaghant!

  3. Robyn January 5, 2011 at 10:08 pm

    Ara, Thanks for the 2 recipes – A. Antreassian's and yours. Your version sounds pretty simple and quick; I must give it a try. As for Mrs. Callan's background, here is her response:
    "I am from a "mixed" marriage; Yozgatzi and Gesaratzi. But, lucky me, as my husband's family reminded me on several occasions, I married 'up' as his family is Izmirzi."

  4. Robyn January 5, 2011 at 10:10 pm

    NK, if time is of the essence, try Ara's recipe above using short-grain rice. It sounds similar, but without the lengthy time factor.

  5. karin January 15, 2011 at 4:36 pm

    This comment has been removed by the author.

  6. karin January 15, 2011 at 4:37 pm

    Hello, i am from istanbul , living in los angeles. when we make anoush abour , we add rose water after anoushabour cooks and removed from the heat. my husband likes it so much , im going to make another batch this week…

    congratulations on your blog, it gives me an incentive to start one also. as armenians we needed a cooking blog. you are doing a great job 🙂

  7. Robyn January 15, 2011 at 8:15 pm

    Karin, thank you for your encouraging words!
    Adding rose water to anoush abour would make it super-tasty.

  8. Anonymous January 17, 2011 at 10:19 am

    I am Kesaratsi, Aintabtsi, from Izmir, from Yozgat – please stop and getb a reality check. No one can say they "are from" western Armenia and Anatolia any more. Food is a convenient reminder of our roots but no substitute for the real thing that has vanished….Otherwise love your site.

    Armenian in limbo

    1. Nayri January 3, 2016 at 5:15 pm

      If you believe that, then yes we are vanished and don't have a case! For a moment it occurred to me that this was a non-Armenian voice speaking. We are talking about our roots here, roots that so many people go to great lengths to find out. It is an identity, not lost, because we remember and never forget. It is recorded and engraved history being told, in writing and word of mouth. My father comes from Hadjin, and mother from Kilis. They all have sad stories to tell. Can I ever forget that?

  9. karin January 17, 2011 at 2:18 pm

    unfortunately within the armenian community one always says whether they are from western or eastern countries first.largely due to fact that where we come from effects the way we speak , cook and follow certain traditions. especially in Los Angeles one boasts about lebanese armenian , hayastansi armenian, persian armenian restaurants , bakeries, churches or stores.

    one way of coming out of the limbo is to embrace and accept where you came from, and dont turn a cooking site into a political arena….

    even americans differentiate how to cook ribs according to regions (texas, mississippi etc)

  10. Anonymous January 17, 2011 at 2:31 pm

    I add rosewater at the end, too.

    Also, it adds a dimension of taste to the wheat if you throw a couple of whole cloves and a stick of cinnamon into the boiling water.

    A friend from Sivas makes it with pearl barley. After boiling, she runs the barley through a food mill or sieve and then adds the fruit, so it's more of a smooth pudding or compote.

    There are so many national variations of this food, often served at Christmastime and other winter feasts: Kolliva in Greece and the Balkans, German and English farina puddings with raisins, kutia wigilijna in Poland, payasam or shira in India. I suspect it is an ancient food. Someday I would like to create a cookbook with nothing but anoushabour recipes!

  11. karin January 17, 2011 at 2:44 pm

    im going to add cloves next time i cook it… im sure it will taste great , i sprinkle cinnamon on top.

    anoushabour is simple yet so tasty… ive had kolliva but its dry . but you are right a lot of cultures have this dish.

    if you create a cookbook i will be the first to buy, good luck 🙂 you can add different flavors such as orange water instead of rose.i dont want to try it because i dont like orange in food.

    have a great day !!

  12. Robyn January 19, 2011 at 12:32 am

    All delicious variations! Thanks, all, for your informative comments. That's what this website is all about!

  13. Chris Atamian November 24, 2011 at 5:09 am

    My Godmother Angele made the most delicious Anush Abour in Morningside Heights when I was growing up. It had a certain consistency to it and could be spooned or ladled as is and she would add cream or kaymak to it. I could never get enough, of my Godmother or her Anush Abur.
    Chris Atamian

  14. Robyn November 24, 2011 at 3:04 pm

    Chris, Do you – or someone in your family – have your Godmother's recipe? We'd love to compare and share it!

  15. Anonymous January 1, 2012 at 8:15 pm

    I tried to make this pudding today. The trouble is, I've never eaten it, so I'm don't know what kind of consistency it should have in the end. Should all of the water be absorbed, a la rice? Should it be soupy? I'd appreciate the help. Sharon

  16. Robyn January 1, 2012 at 11:59 pm

    Hi Sharon,
    Ask 10 people and you'll get 10 different responses. In my opinion, Anoush Abour should be creamy and somewhat thick – like pudding, not soup. The gorgood (dzedzadz) should be soft, but not mushy, and provide a lovely texture in addition to the dried fruit and nuts. I hope this helps.

  17. Marta January 4, 2012 at 1:05 pm

    What is a main dish you serve on 6th January? My husband is Armenian, born in Damascus. His sister in Aleppo usually served koubbe labaniyye. And I am certainly not that capable to make it… Can you give me a hint what else could I cook to make a nice and SUCCESSFUL surprise to my Hokiz? (we live in Poland, with no well cooking Armenians around….)

  18. Robyn January 4, 2012 at 2:54 pm

    Marta, What a lovely gesture! I'm sure you could make Nevik – a Swiss chard and chick pea dish traditionally served on Armenian Christmas Eve along with rice, fish and yogurt soup-Tanabour (recipe is in the recipe list on the right). Here's the link for Nevik:
    Good luck and Merry Armenian Christmas!

  19. Ara January 7, 2012 at 2:33 am

    I recently made nevik with black kale instead of swiss chard. It may not have been traditional, but my God it was yummy!

    Also, for tanabour, if you can't find shelled wheat, you can always use pearl barley. An Adanatsi version uses bread dough. You make the dough, spread it out pretty thin (about 1/8 in), then cut into small squares about 1/2 inch across. You fry half the squares in oil and boil the other half. Combine the two at the very end, then add the yogurt. I actually like it better than the version with shelled wheat, although it is a pain to make.

  20. Ara January 7, 2012 at 2:36 am

    Almost forgot. In the Adanatsi version, they also add crushed garlic at the end (so it is still raw).

  21. Anonymous May 1, 2012 at 1:20 pm

    thanks for allt he hael!im useing this for a school project on Armenia.thanks agian.
    — lauren

  22. Anonymous May 1, 2012 at 1:21 pm

    oh my goodness that should be help!

    1. Robyn May 1, 2012 at 2:48 pm

      Good luck on your project, Lauren!

  23. Anonymous July 12, 2012 at 2:45 am

    Looking for a pastry recipe (for the life of me can't remember way it's called)
    It's covered with powdered sugar and stuffed with either dates or nuts
    Does anyone know what they are called and have the recipe

    1. Anonymous July 14, 2012 at 11:20 pm

      I remember these pastries filled with dates are called mamoul or kagkeh …

  24. Anonymous December 27, 2013 at 1:16 am

    Hello everyone,
    I'm Armenian living in Romania and I just wanted to share the way my grandmother used to serve anoushabour. First she used to boil the wheat into a thick soup (with sugar, dried fruits like raisins or apricots, vanilla and cinnamon), then put it in bowls. On top she used to add a thick layer of roasted flour, another thick layer of sugar and another one of chopped walnuts, everything sprinkled with cinnamon to taste. She used to make this for New Years's Eve and Christmas and I also plan to prepare some in a few days 🙂 I assume it is one of the many variations from the anoushabour recipe.
    Happy New Year and Merry Christmas!!!

  25. Anonymous December 31, 2013 at 1:11 am

    I am not Armenian, but I have just welcomed a new daughter-in-law to our family one month ago. We love her so much and want to celebrate with her the traditional Armenian Christmas, as she so graciously celebrated OURS. Trouble is since we are not Armenian, it is hard to know exactly how to surprise her. I have been on websites and I have 3 Armenian cookbooks…one of them only metric system (BOO HOO). I like your recipe very much for the Christmas pudding…It is different from the one in my books in regard to using pine nuts and hazelnuts, and pistacchios. I have the swiss chard and chickpea soup down…..and the tanabour soup….Do you know anything about them eating pork (ham?). She is from Yerevan and she told me that on Christmas Day they eat pig….Can you help me out here? Karen

    1. Robyn January 2, 2014 at 9:20 pm

      Hi Karen, Here's what I can tell you: according to Irina Petrosian, author of "Armenian Food-Fact Fiction, and Folklore", today Armenians from Armenian prefer pork over lamb. That said, pork can be served as kebab aka khorovats (scroll through our recipe sections to find our version of pork kebab), or a stew such as Tass Kebab (see recipe list) or khashlama. Here is a basic khashlama recipe using pork instead of lamb:
      Pork Khashlama
      4 lbs. stewing pork, cut into small cubes
      2 bay leaves
      salt and pepper, to taste
      Garnish: 1 cup finely chopped parsley or cilantro
      Put the meat into a large pot and cover with water. Bring to a boil and simmer for about 3 hours or until meat is tender. Skim and discard the foam from the surface; add more water if necessary. Remove bay leaves. Adjust seasonings, if necessary.
      To serve: place in individual soup bowls and garnish with chopped herbs. Serve with crusty bread.

  26. Sara Nazely December 24, 2014 at 5:08 am

    Hi Everyone! I have never made Anooshaoor before, but I wanted to make it for American Christmas this year. I see here that there are many different versions. Does anyone know of a version from Tomarza or Sivas? That is where my family is from, I thought it would be cool to make in the same way that ( possibly) my great grandparents made it. Thank you so much and happy holidays!!! p.s. I'm so glad I searched for this recipe and found your blog!! xo

    1. Robyn Kalajian January 3, 2015 at 12:23 am

      Hi Sara, As hard as I tried, I have not yet found an anoush abour recipe which specifically represents either Tomarza or Sivas. Try the recipe above; I'm sure your family will approve!

  27. Sandy Leonard Snaps January 9, 2015 at 3:57 am

    I am happy to have found your site today as I was googling anoush abour. Here is a piece I wrote for my blog today about this delicious treat that I learned about from my friend Aylin in Ankara earlier this week. My blog entry also provides a link to Aylin's article. All best wishes from Watertown, MA.

  28. Niels Grundtvig Nielsen January 6, 2024 at 9:29 am

    Delicious! but I think you forgot to include sugar (preparation, step 1) in the ingredients list.

    The change from grains in water to a smooth jelly triggered a food memory while I was cooking: I checked the reference, and found this recipe has a traditional English cousin which also has Christmas associations. Take a look at

    1. Robyn Kalajian January 7, 2024 at 4:40 pm

      Thank you for pointing out my mistake, Niels – good catch – and much appreciated! It has now been corrected.


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